O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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Practical Perspectives Sanitation indicators: The strong points of the elaborated sanitation indicators are: Rio de Janeiro, The FA summarizes the variables and generates factor scores for the municipalities. In terms of its contributions, this study offers: Final considerations This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
Saneamento no Brasil
Furthermore, the study of Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram points to the need to evaluate inter-relationships between indicators. After nine years of the Sanitation Law that defines the national guidelines in this area, it is still necessary to clarify the elements characterizing basic sanitation, and seek tools that enable monitoring sanitation in municipalities.
Of the 16 attributes, the data selection managed to include only eight of them, and some of them only partially. To do this, it will be necessary to monitor the sanitation situation in municipalities to determine the dimensions of the effort and resources necessary.
In this sense, different weights were not attributed due to theoretical importance; equal weights were considered for all of the factors. In total, the factors explain Table 2 shows the quantities of the state municipalities and their respective typologies as well as those of the sample.
This data demonstrates the need for improvements in basic sanitation. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropologyv. According to Kern apud Meijering, Kern and Tobi,one tool that has often been used to influence national and international political discussions is the European green city rankings.
For the municipality groupings, we have adopted the city typology as suggested by Meijering, Kern and Tobiavoiding the comparison of municipalities that have different characteristics. In terms of the sample size, according to Hair and collaboratorsthere need to be more observations than variables, with the minimum acceptable ratio being 5: This is an estimate, because an attribute cannot always be measured by just one indicator.
However, in terms of the indicators W Efficiency and D Efficiency, more differences emerge among these municipalities.
Thematic content analysis of the Sanitation Law confirmed four components: Introduction In Brazil there are roughly 3. As far as opportunities are concerned, this methodology can be applied to other states in future sanamento, and there is a need for greater breadth in terms of indicators to monitor adequate sanitation services in these municipalities.
In terms of limitations, we can cite the lack of available data for all of the municipalities, the reliability of the collected data, the difficulty of integrating information from various databases, the manner of comparing municipalities based on profiles, and the aggregation of data which has the limitation of using a compensatory method, even though this was only used to a partial extent.
In terms of the aggregation of the factors, we opted for the geometric average due to facility of applying it and to reduce, at least partially, the problem of it being a compensatory technique. Sanitation indicators Within the international context, there is a growing utilization leo performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, Identifying the methodological characteristics of European green city rankings.
Saneamento no Brasil – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
The criteria for the extraction of the number of factors was the latent root, with only eigenvalues greater than 1 being considered significant, which resulted in three factors or latent dimensions: In Brazil there are roughly 3. Only Profile I had a large reduction in representativeness. R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants. Adapted from Giovannini and collaborators and Meijering, Kern and Tobi The results show three indicators that compose a municipal index and indicate the need for data to fully evaluate sanitation.
The objectives of the FA were: The correlation matrix analysis considered only values above 0.