Konjungtivitis Vernal – Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt), PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC), and giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) constitute the remaining subtypes. Management of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis. Multiple pharmacologic agents may be used to provide varying degrees of relief. Mucolytic agents.

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A personal or family history of atopy is seen in a large proportion of VKC patients [12]. It has now been shown that IgE is not enough to cause the varied inflammatory response that is seen with VKC [1, 6].

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. InTrantas characterized konjungtivitks spectrum of corneal changes seen in VKC [1]. It is typically bilateral but may be asymmetric in nature. The main differential diagnosis to be considered is atopic keratoconjunctivitis AKC. Original article contributed by: Thought has been given to a possible endocrine method as well as there is a decrease in symptoms and prevalence after puberty [1, 2].

Residents and Fellows contest rules International Ophthalmologists contest rules. Additionally, adult patients with VKC may respond more favorably to topical cyclosporin therapy [16].

Enroll in the International Ophthalmologists contest. Mast-cell stabilizers have a loading period to reach their full therapeutic effect [6].

Retrieved from ” http: Additional differential diagnoses to consider depending on history and physical would be seasonal allergic conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.

Removal of any and all possible allergens as well as conservative management such as cool compresses and lid scrubs make up the first line of therapy [13]. Such patients often give family history of other atopic diseases such as hay feverasthma or eczemaand their peripheral blood shows eosinophilia and increased serum IgE levels. The increased incidence in hot regions is speculated to be secondary to a higher level of pollution by pollens and various other allergens.


Activated eosinophils are thought to play a significant role and these can be shown consistently in conjunctival scrapings; however mononuclear cells and neutrophils are also seen [1, 6]. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep, Page Discussion View form View source History.

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Some of the cornea and conjunctiva findings in vernal conjunctivitis. Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology.

In some patients symptoms konjungtivitiz persist beyond childhood, which in some cases may represent a conversion to an adult form of atopic keratoconjunctivitis [1]. Barot, RK et al.

Am J Trop Med Hyg, Konjkngtivitis instance, one European study demonstrated the prevalence was between 1. Additionally, prevalence in endemic regions is much higher when looking at adolescents compared to the population as a whole [7]. Males are affected more than females, but this difference becomes smaller as age increases [3].

Oral anti-histamines are sometimes utilized, but there is no real evidence in their support. Am J Ophthalmol, Toker, Konjungitvitis cytokine levels in vernal keratoconjunctivitis: J Clin Diagn Res.

Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis – EyeWiki

Complications typically arise from occasional corneal scarring and the unsupervised used of topical corticosteroids [1, 2]. A hereditary association has been suggested, but no direct genetic associations have been made. Oral corticosteroids can be considered in sight threatening conditions [1, 7]. There is at least one report of the successful use of omalizumab, an anti-IgE monoclonal antibody, in a patient with VKC recalcitrant to other treatment modalities [17].

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis VKC is an atopic condition of the external ocular surface.

Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

konjungtivvitis This page was last modified on November 28,at Privacy policy About EyeWiki Disclaimers. It is thought to be relatively unusual in North America and Western Europe [6, 7]. Indian J Ophthalmol, The Academy uses cookies to analyze performance and provide relevant personalized content to users of our website.


It characteristically affects young males in hot dry climates in a seasonal manner; however this is not always the rule.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis – Wikipedia

The majority of VKC occurs in patients between the ages of years old with an age of onset between years old; however there are reports of patients as young as 5-months-old [2, 11]. Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis From EyeWiki. VKC is seen more often in patients who have atopic family histories, but no clear correlation with specific genetic loci has been elucidated [2]. AKC typically has an older age of onset in the 2nd to 5th decade, as opposed to onset prior to age 10 with VKC.

Concise Ophthalmology 4th ed. Additionally, AKC is typically more chronic in nature and more commonly results in scarring of the cornea and conjunctival cicatrization, whereas VKC is typically more self-limiting [4, 6].

If seasonal recurrence is known, it is suggested that mast-cell stabilization therapy be initiated prior to the season in which symptoms are encountered and continued throughout the season [6]. VKC is thought to be an allergic disorder in which IgE mediated mechanism play a role. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis VKC or spring catarrh is a recurrent, bilateral, and self-limiting inflammation of conjunctivahaving a periodic seasonal incidence. Long term immunomodulation with steroid sparing agents such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus is often needed.

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