According to coverage from Mexico News Daily, Energía Eólica del Sur being built with Vestas VMW turbines in the La Ventosa region, and Macquarie Mexican Infrastructure Fund, was visited by Oaxaca Gov. Asociación Mexicana de Energía Eólica, A.C.. Asociación . La Mata – La Ventosa. Oaxaca. Autoabastecimiento Electrica del Valle de México (EDF-EN). 1. 27/11/14 PROYECTOS EóLICOS EN OAXACA: EL ISTMO DE TEHUANTEPEC. DESARROLLADORES mos a la explicación y el control de la energía al servicio del hombre. Para construir una cultura to parques eólicos en las comunidades de La Venta, La Ventosa, y La Mata.; municipios de.
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In the state of Oaxaca there are currently wind-energy parks operating.
Complejo Eólico Oaxaca II-III-IV
MC for the construction of a megawatt project known as La Venta 3, also in southern Oaxaca state. Such enfrgia developments have been tied to policies of cooptation advanced by firms, local authorities, and social leaders. National and international organizations have been denouncing the numerous attacks suffered by energis, opponents to wind-energy projects, and landowners who demand compensation and better contract conditions.
This is a process which is more, within the commercialist logic that conflicts with concepts energis public service, the destination of the major part of the energy which is generated in wind-energy parks is not for public but folica private uses. Inno new wind generating capacity was connected to the Mexican grid.
In some cases there has been denounced the sale and ceding of communal and ejidal lands jointly owned lands through force and without the consent of the general assemblies of communards and ejidatarios. The rent contracts for land signed by firms and the commitments they have attained with respect to local populations of the zones in which the wind-energy plants are erected form yet another source of denunciation and conflictivity.
This is done without regard to the desires of local peoples, the impacts and affects these can cause, and what the benefit and use is expected to be from this generated energy: As a result, the government has recently adopted policies to encourage the greater development of renewable energy, within its National Development Plan, its Sectoral Energy Programme, and as part of a new Renewable Energy Law.
This situation has resulted in a marked increase in electricity prices, given the tendency of private firms to take an increasingly central role in the generation and sale of the electricity distributed by CFE to the citizenry, with the consequence that it becomes the private rather than public firms which have the capacity of dictating prices which are then paid in turn by consumers. For example, the Digna Ochoa Center for Human Rights from the coastal region of Chiapas warns of the lack of information and clarity of the contracts that have been agreed to.
However, questions related to the impacts and effects that projects dedicated to the development of such types of energy have on local people and the environment itself are not often taken into consideration.
Overall, it is expected that up to MW of wind capacity will be installed and become operational during the next several years under both the IPP MW and autogeneration schemes MWall located in Oaxaca. It provides a framework for renewable energy development, which now needs to be filled in with detail, including a concrete target and incentives.
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Both projects are scheduled to be completed between and Despite this tremendous potential, wind development in Mexico has been slow, mainly due to the lack of adequate financial incentives and issues with the existing regulatory framework and policies to encourage use of wind energy. According to data from the Mexican Association for Wind Energy AMNDEEof the 28 parks that have been built or planned3 of these belong to the Federal Electricity Commission CFE and so are public, while 5 are the property of national solica, 3 pertaining to dual ownership CFE and privateand 17 to foreign private corporations.
Under the autogeneration scheme, power consumers can produce electricity for their own use, which will get delivered to the CFE interconnection eenrgia and then transported to the consumer. Furthermore, the unjust compensation paid for the rent of such lands is stressed, given that such amounts go much lower than they should: In a recent report carried out by different civil organizations from Oaxaca, the violations of the rights of indigenous peoples implied by the planning and execution of developmental megaprojects have increased over the past four years.
The national energy commission CRE was put in charge of issuing administrative norms and methodologies to enable the use of renewable energy and to adapt the electricity dispatch provisions to take into account the technical requirements of renewables. La Venta II However, the pace of Mexican wind development has been negatively impacted by the market barriers cited above as well as more recently by the global financial crisis, but eneegia Mexican Wind Energy Association AMDEE remains cautiously optimistic that byover 4, MW of wind farms could be operational in Mexico based on currently known or announced projects.
Among the arguments used in favor of the development of this type of energy resources are those which make reference to the need to generate clean energy, in order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases through replacing the use of the damaging fossil fuels. According to criticisms from the APIITDTT, the impacts that eolic be endrgia in the construction area of the wind-energy parks would represent a serious threat to the food sovereignty of the populations of the region.
The data indicates that close to two-thirds of the wind-energy parks are controlled by foreign interests. Among the environmental impacts resulting from the construction of wind-energy parks are those that have eolixa do with the destruction of habitat and biodiversity. During the first temporada abierta, an agreement was signed between the CFE and four private companies, committing the CFE to build km of transmission lines from the La Ventosa project site in Oaxaca to connect it to the national grid.
Various bodies oaxsca created to design a renewable energy strategy and related public policies, which also involve the private sector. Mexico is one of the most promising areas for wind energy development in Latin America with a technical potential of as much as 40 GW1.
Approximately MW of private wind autogeneration capacity were erected in Oaxaca at three wind farms ventosxto start commercial operation during Wind energy in Mexico Mexico is one of the energiia promising areas ventowa wind energy development in Latin America with a technical potential of as much as 40 GW1.
This has favoured the development of conventional energy sources in the past, as well as some large hydro and geothermal projects, all exclusively by CFE.
There are presently 15 wind-energy parks in operation with 13 more in different stages of planning and development. These wind IPP projects will operate under power purchase agreements PPAs with CFE for 20 years, including a fixed capacity charge, a fixed operation and maintenance charge and a variable energy charge based on fuel prices.
Venfosa an example, according to Bettina Cruz, on 21 March it was shown in the European Parliament that in not one of the wind-energy projects of the Isthmus had there been consultations carried out with affected peoples, nor had any possibility been made so that local peoples could participate in the design of the development plans to which they would be subjected. Bettina Cruz, representative of the Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepec Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory APIITDTThas indicated that the majority of the wind-energy projects, beyond being owned by private capital, are destined to provide energy to other private corporations, not to the public network and hence the citizenry.
Among the cultural impacts, the above situation creates is the imposing of different culture values, being directed at the indigenous peoples of the region.
Inthe Mexican Power Sector law was amended to open the door for some private sector participation, creating limited possibilities for self-suppliers, cogeneration and independent power producers to generate and supply power to the national grid.
Its geographical uniqueness a narrow stretch of land between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans that is practically ej plain makes possible the generation of between and MW of energy per year, which is enough to provide for 18 million people.
Complejo Eólico Oaxaca II-III-IV
Under the Independent Power Producer IPP scheme, private producers with plants over 30 MW must sell their power to the CFE through long-term power purchase agreements PPAwhich are awarded through competitive bidding procedures based on the lowest average generation price. Furthermore, a large part of the technology that is needed to generate wind-energy is manufactured only by Spanish Gamesa and AccionaDanish Vestasand US firms Clipper.
The wind energy pipeline Approximately MW of private wind autogeneration capacity were erected in Oaxaca at three wind farms duringto start commercial operation during dn The bill put the Energy Ministry SENER in charge of drafting a renewable energy enn, and it called for the development of a national strategy for the sustainable use rn energy.
This model aims at identifying energi total transmission capacity that private generators are willing to reserve so that the CFE can justify construction of new lines for renewable energy. As an example, communard assemblies from the San Dionisio and San Mateo del Mar municipalities have accused the ejidal president and the mayors of having accepted bribes made by firms to strengthen ties between the two forces, without any concern for the wishes of the community.